International Journal of Undergraduates Studies (IJUS)(e-journal) ISSN: 2289-4242, strives to comply with highest research standards and scientific/research qualities. The IJUS welcomes contributors from an empirical and/or conceptual point of view that are solicited that address these issues (but are not limited)

Social Sciences and Humanities
Business and Management
Science and Technology

Target Market (for both authors and readers)

Undergraduates (Certificate, Matriculation, Diploma and Bachelor degree student)
Management academics, researchers and professional worldwide


As a step to follow the high quality and success of Emerald, International Journal of Undergraduates Studies (IJUS) follows the standards of Emerald journals for paper submission guidelines, which are;

Papers should be submitted via

As a guide:

1. Articles should be between 3-5 pages in length
2. A title of not more than ten words should be provided
3. A brief autobiographical note should be supplied including:

Full name, affliation, email address, full international contact details, and brief professional/student biography

Paper Types: Research/literature review/conceptual/ technical/general view

4. Tables should be typed and included as part of the manuscript and not more than 4 tables. They should not be submitted as graphic elements.

5. References to other publications must be in Harvard style and carefully check for completeness, accuracy and consistency.

You should cite publications in the text: (John, 2011) using the first author's name or (John and Lim, 2011) citing both names of two, or (John et al., 2011) where there are three or more authors. At the end of the paper a reference list in alphabetical order should be supplied:

For book, e.g. Ahmad, K. (2011), Nanotechnology, University Publication Centre, Selangor.

For journal, e.g. Ahmad, K., and Veron, M. (2011). "Determining critical success factors of nanotechnology in Malaysian manufacturing industry," International Journal of Undergraduates Studies, Vol.3,No.2, pp. 12-22.


Papers are initially reviewed by the editors to make sure they meet journal's scope, they will be sent our for blind review process. Although we strive to provide the review result as soon as possible, it might normally take up to 3-6 months for the review


There is no submission fee charged


Copyright (c) 2012 by Community of Research (CoRe)-Management Science (MS) & Faculty of Business Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission in writing, from the publisher.

International Journal of Undergraduates Studies (IJUS) is jointly published of Community of Research (CoRe)-Management Science (MS), Faculty of Business Management and UiTM Press, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

The views and opinion expressed therein and those of the individual authors and the publication of these statements in the International Journal of Undergraduates Studies (IJUS) do not imply endorsement by the publisher or the editorial staff

Thursday, January 23, 2014

Vol 2 No 3, 2013

Article 1: Accounting information systems user's satisfaction among accounts preparer
By: Mohamad Azmi Nias Ahmad and Shahrir Aizat Abdul Ghani

Article 2: Factors affecting bankruptcy: The case of Malaysia
By: Hilwa Hilmy, Shaliza A. Mohd Z., and Norasyikin A. Fahmi

Article 3: Jaccard Index with Yager class T-Norm for ranking fuzzy numbers
By: Nazirah Ramli, Nurul Haziqah Mohamed, Marina Mohamad and Fairuz Shohaimy

Article 4: Factors affecting demand for money in Japan
By: Norhidayu Rosli, Norsiah Kadir, Sabri Nayan and Norasyikin Abdullah Fahami

Article 5: Issues and challenges in talent identifications (TID) programmed implementation: A case study in Johor
By: Mohamad Yusuff and Jamiaton Kusrin

Article 6: Ex vivo antiplasmodial acitivity of quassia borneensis noot. (simmaroubaceae) extracts against mice erythrocytes infected by plasmodium berghei NK65
By: Ahmad Rohi Ghazali, Julenah Ag Nuddin, Siti Nurfarhana Sabireen, Wan Marahaini Wan Razali and Shafariatul Akmar Ishak

Article 7: Relationship between sports involvement and students' performance in Malaysian university
By: Norzaidi Mohd Daud, Akmal Syalwani Idris, Nazhatul Ashikin Abd Manaf, and Fatin Adawiyah Mudzaffar

Article 8: Online tutorial (I-learn) usage and students' performance : An empirical evidence in Malaysian university
By: Norzaidi Mohd Daud, Nasyitah Salehudin, Naura Nadira Khairuddin, Roslinda Razalek and Nuur Fadhlika Mohd Sani

Friday, August 16, 2013

Vol 2, No 2, 2013

Article 1: Antimicrobial properties of different fractions of swertia chirate
By: Nik Aiman Afiq Nik Ab Rahman, Isma Syahril Ismail and Lwin Lwin Nyein

Article 2: Analysing EEG Alpha brainwave signal avtivities based on visual stimilation
By: Iza Sazanita Isa, Balkis Solehah Zainuddin, Zakaria Hussain and Nurul Huda Ishak

Article 3: Psychological well being and self care practices of patient with hypertension
By: Siti Khuzaiman Ahmad Sharoni, Nurul Syakila Naziron, Nurul Ashikin Hamzah and Siti Rohaida Mohamed

Article 4: Health-related quality of life among children with epilepsy
By: Siti Khuzaimah Ahmad Sharoni, Juwairiyah Abdul Rahman, Mirrah 'Adilah Md Jamaludin and Norfaiqah Mohd Radzi

Article 5: Guest perception on service quality in hotel industry
By: Syed Hasif Syed Mohamad Khairizam, Muhammad Akif Hafiy Azmi and Nur'Hidayah Che Ahmat

Saturday, June 8, 2013

Vol.2 No.1, 2013

Article 1: Inhibitory effect of electromagnetic filed emitted by mobile phones on the viability of staphylococcus aureus
By: Nur 'Aisyah Othman, Mohd Saufee Al-Firdaus Mohd Ismail, Norlida Buniyamin and Zaini Mohd-Zain
Article 2: Service quality and customer satisfaction: an investigation at Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad-Cement cargo service
By: Mohd Aliff Abd Rahman and Nor Khasimah Aliman
Article 3: Factors influences on motivation level on midwifery students
By: Noraini Hashim, Azriza Abdul Ghani, Hatijah Jalani and Ros Azuridda Mat Nor
Article 4: Malaysian nursing student's perceptions towards nursing as a career choice: A cross sectional survey
By: Siti Khizaimah Ahmad Sharoni, Nur Faresa Ahmad Faiz, Pauline Doria Anak Imbol, and Sharifah Zanariah
Article 5: Fuzzy preference ordering (TOPSIS) for ranking of factors influencing students selection in purchasing laptops
By: Rosma Mohd Dom, Anisah Khalid, Nuraini Ismail and Sharima Azis
Article 6: Ginger (Zingiber Officinale): Time-based effect on ovary and uterus histology
By: Nor Lisa Assakina Jamil, Siti Syairah Mohd Mutalip, Lailatul Munirah Ismail and Ruzianisra Mohamed
Article 7: Quality of life thalassemic children: Parents and thalassemic children's perceptions
By: Noraini Hashim, Afinida Jamil, Izaifarizah Hanis Mohamed and Mawar Sabtu
Article 8: Dosaged-based effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale) on ovary and uterus histology
By: Lailatul Munirah Ismail, Siti Syairah Mohd Mutalip and Nor Lisa Assakina Jamil

Saturday, September 24, 2011

Vol.1, No. 1, 2012

Article 1: Online purchasing behavior among the younger generation
By: Cheong Su Ling and Susan Chin Tee Suan
The purpose of this study is to examine the online purchasing behaviour of the younger generation. A total of 300 people took part in this survey. It was found that a majority from the online shoppers are from the urban areas and that they purchase goods online at least once a month. Security issues are still the main concern of online shoppers. Keywords: Online shopping, consumer behaviour, motivations, e-commerce, purchasing behaviour, technology
Article 2: Analysis of the purchasing behavior on skin care products among the younger generation
By: Fong Shieng Yee and Chin Tee Suan
The purpose of this study is to analyse the purchasing behaviour of the younger generation on skin care products. A total of 200 respondents took part in this survey. From the analysis, it was found that Environmental Concerns was ranked the highest among the six variables chosen for the study. The other remaining variables are price, packaging, promotion, branding and self Image. Keywords: Skin care products, consumer behaviour, purchasing behaviour, image, marketing, life style
Article 3: Consumer purchase preferences towards foreign and domestic branded electrical appliances
By: Tan Shuan Gin and Chin Tee Suan
The purpose of this study is to examine the consumer purchase preferences towards foreign and domestic branded electrical appliances. A total of 200 respondents took part in this survey. It was found that country of origin plays an important aspect in the purchase behaviour of the consumer. Keywords: Purchase behaviour, electrical appliance industry, marketing, business environment, brand loyalty
Article 4: University students' purchase preferences towards foreign and domestic branded apparel
By: Hiew Shu Yin and Susan Tee Suan
The purpose of this study is to examine the purchase preferences towards foreign and domestic branded apparels. A total of 200 students took part in this survey. It was found that preferences towards foreign branded apparels are related to the level of purchasing power and is not related to the demographics variables. 58% of the students surveyed preferred foreign branded apparel. There is a positive relationship between media influence and preferences towards foreign/domestic branded apparels. The more a person is exposed to the media, the stronger will be the influence of the media in “persuading” the individual to purchase the apparel. Keywords: Purchase behaviour, apparel industry, marketing, business environment, brand, brand loyalty
Article 5: Vision status and daily activities in rural and urban elderly
By: Ai-Hong Chen, Che Wan Sofiatul Syazana Wan Chik and Abdul Rahim Md. Noor
The purpose of this study is to compare the vision status and daily living activities between elderly housewives living in urban and rural areas. Approximately 75% and 65% of elderly housewives are hyperopes (long-sightedness) in rural and urban areas respectively; while 35% and 25% are myopes (shortsightedness) in urban and rural areas respectively. Significant difference (p <0.05) in daily activities was found between urban and rural elderly. Keywords: elderly, daily activities, refractive error, hyperopia, myopia, rural, urban
Article 6: Antimicrobial and anticancer properties of leaf extracts of seagrass enhalus acoroides
By: Mohd Saufee Al Firdaus Mohd Ismail, Muhammad Faez Ismail, Nursakinah Bohari, Noor Farhana Mat Jalani, Azira Ahmad Zamri and Zaini Mohd Zain
Enhalus acoroides is one of the abundant seagrasses found along the seabeds of Malaysia. The uses of some species of seagrasses have been well documented, but reports on the therapeutic values of E. acoroides are limited. In this study, E. acoroides collected from Merambung Island off the coast of South Johor were screened for their antimicrobial and anticancer properties. The leaves of this seagrass were ground into powder and the bioactive compounds were extracted using two solvents, ethyl acetate and ethanol. Antimicrobial properties of the leaf extracts were determined by performing disk diffusion method against three species of bacteria; Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus (both methicilin-sensitive and methicillin-resistant strains) while the cytotoxicity effect of the seagrass on HeLa cells was carried out using methylthiozoltetrazolium (MTT) assay. Results showed that ethyl acetate extract at a concentration 6.25 mg/ml was not only able to inhibit growth of all the bacteria tested but also killed 50% of the HeLa cells. Although the ethanolic extract was not able to reveal the antimicrobial properties of the seagrass, it was able to inhibit HeLa cells at a lower concentration than the ethyl acetate extracts. From this preliminary study, the information that E. acoroides has phytochemical properties provided a platform for further studies of its medical benefits for treatment of other diseases and that each solvent used in this experiment was for different purposes. Keywords: Enhalus acoroides; Seagras; Antimicrobial; Cytotoxicity; MTT
Article 7: Design and analysis operational amplifier using VLSI software
By: Nordiana Mukahar and Shamian Zainal
This paper describes the design procedure of two stage op amp and folded cascade op amp using VLSI software. Designing high-performance analog circuits is becoming increasingly challenging with the persistent trend toward reduced supply voltages and low power consumptions but there is trade off among other performances parameter. The appropriate topology among various possible alternatives architecture of operational amplifier is selected in order to achieve higher performance for a desired application. By setting the target specification of the desired performance parameter, the value of the power supply voltage and the bias current can be determined. It start by defined the topology of the operational amplifier circuit that consist of three stage; differential amplifier, common source and output buffer. The folded cascade is then implemented to the circuit to improve the performance. The folded op amp feature high bandwidth, low supply voltage and low power dissipation. The op amps have been designed with a standard 2μm CMOS technology by using Tanner Tool. Measurement shows the unit gain bandwidth of folded op amp is 5 MHz for a 12 pF load and the amplification is 93 dB, while drawing 20 μA for 2.5 V power supply. It shows that the dc gain of folded op amp is 14 dB higher than two stage op amp and the bandwidth also 5 times larger than 2 stage op amp. The folded op amp can swing up output voltage 99% close to power supply. Keywords: Operational Amplifier; CMOS; Gain Bandwidth, Folded Cascode, Voltage Swing
Article 8: Antimicrobial properties of white malaga grape grown in Malaysia
By: Muhammad Azizi Samad, Nur Ain Adam, Siti Mastura Abdul Hadi, Nurul Hidayu Omar and Zaini Mohd Zain
Grapes (Vitis vinefera) are usually produced and grow well in temperate countries. Many reports had shown that consumption of grape and parts of the fruit, especially the seeds, provides many health benefits. The purpose of this study was to explore the antimicrobial properties of grapes that are cultivated in Northern Malaysia. Samples consisting of fresh grape of White Malaga variety, prepared cordials of two varieties Red Opal and White Malaga; and dried grape ‘tea’ leaves were tested for their properties to inhibit growth of four species of bacteria, namely, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptocococcus aureus and Streptocococcus epidermidis. Disc diffusion test method was used to determine the ability of the samples to inhibit the growth of the bacteria. An experiment to determine the effect of storage of the samples at 4oC on their antimicrobial activity was also conducted. Results showed that fresh grape juice and both types of cordials were able to inhibit the growth of E. coli and K. pneumoniae, but their inhibitory activity against K. pneumoniae was lost upon refrigeration. By refrigerating the fresh juice, it was observe that the inhibitory activity against S. aureus and S. epidermidis was enhanced. The infused grape ‘tea’ leaves showed antimicrobial activity to S. epidermidis only after the refrigeration. This study therefore confirms that the White Malaga grape grown in tropical countries like Malaysia has antimicrobial properties that could be beneficial to human health, similar to many other previous reports. Keywords: Antimicrobial properties, white Malaga grape, Malaysia
Article 9: Mechanical performance of epoxidized palm olein-epoxy coatings on metal surface
By: R.M. Taharim, Junaidah Jai and Najmiddin Yaakub
Epoxy coatings are valued for their excellent adhesive strength and toughness, which are contributing factors in determining a coating life in aggressive environments. It has been shown in another study that epoxidized palm oil (EPO) can partially substitute diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) in an epoxy coating formulation. Due to the presence of one epoxy ring per molecule of EPO, it is theorized that the cured EPO-DGEBA-amine network has a lower crosslinking density than a DGEBA-amine network, resulting in lower mechanical properties. However, it is expected that impact resistance would be enhanced due to the aliphatic chain present in EPO. This study aims to investigate the effect of EPO on the coating‟s adhesive strength and impact resistance. EPO-modified epoxy coatings were formulated using 30 wt% EPO in the resin system and cured using a cycloaliphatic amine adduct. Coatings were applied on mild steel specimens and heated to 100, 130 and 150oC for 90 minutes. Adhesion tests were done using the pull-off method and impact resistance tests were carried out using a falling dart of known weight from a fixed height. Test results showed that EPO-epoxy coating shows excellent adhesive strength and good impact strength when cured at 150oC for 90 minutes. Keywords: EPO, coating, corrosion, epoxidized, bio-blend